LTL Dangerous Goods Shipments
03 Jul
Nils T.
03, Jul 2023

Transport Marketplace Many Dangerous Goods / HAZMAT shipments are not as secure as their shippers think. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) has specific rules for shipping hazardous materials.

Hazardous materials include hazardous chemicals, infectious substances, radioactive materials, compressed gases, dry ice, liquid nitrogen, lithium batteries and can be potentially dangerous for humans, animals, or the environment.

In transportation, hazmat items are classified by different class and packaging groups. The information will depend on the DOT placard, or the United Nations (UN) number, which are the digits identifying what type of dangerous goods are being transported. This UN number, along with the hazmat class and packing group, will provide carriers with a clear idea of how they must handle every hazmat item.

It is very important that this information is noted on the paperwork and the bill of lading (BOL) that shippers provide to the drivers / carriers upon pick up of an item.

It is the Shipper Responsibility to have to following information ready, which are considered Shipping Papers.

  • Shipper Name and Address
  • Consignee Name and Address
  • Proper Shipping Name (Hazardous Material Table)
  • Hazard Class
  • Hazard Identification Number
  • Packing Group
  • Piece Count and Package Type
  • Emergency Response Phone Number
  • Shippers Certification
  • Emergency Contact Name
  • Emergency Contact Phone Number

It is also the Shippers Responsibility to provide Package Marking, Placards and Labels.

Another few Tips would be to use Extra heavy-duty packaging and protection when moving hazardous materials. If a shipment leaks the shipper may be held responsible and may be even responsible if the shipment is in an accident. Make sure the dispatcher sends a hazmat certified driver and the driver placards the truck with proper Class of the hazmat freight.